It is the main branch of dentistry that examines the clinical and microscopic structure of the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth, diagnoses the diseases affecting these tissues, applies their treatment and ensures the maintenance of the health gained afterwards.
Generally, this disease is caused by the lack of ideal tooth brushing habits of the individual, not going to the dentist's periodic check-ups and the resulting decayed teeth, incorrect fillings and incompatible prostheses, as well as incorrect or excessive use of systemic drugs. Gingival recession caused by improper tooth brushing and the fact that patients do not care about gingival bleeding during tooth brushing and do not apply to the dentist by neglecting them also drag the picture to a worse situation.
- If it has the appearance of orange peel and is light pink in color,
- If you have a gingival margin that surrounds your teeth from the beginning of the roots and continues along the tooth lines,
- You do not complain of redness, swelling or infection,
- If bleeding does not occur with normal brushing and flossing,
- If there is no pain in the gums after brushing,
- If you have strong-looking gums that hold your teeth tight,
- If your teeth bleed spontaneously or while brushing,
- If the gums are red, swollen and have an irregular appearance,
- If you have detected receding gums and exposed root surfaces,
- If you feel pain in your gums from time to time, mild pain when pressing on the gums, pus oozing from the gums or sensitivity in the tooth in that area,
- If you see black areas on the edges of the gums caused by tartar,
- If you notice loose teeth, elongation and gaps between the teeth,
- If you have an odor and bad taste in your mouth due to inflammation,
- If you feel itching or tingling sensation in your gums,
How are gum diseases treated?
By creating awareness of oral and dental health cleanliness and controlling its continuity,
- Cleaning of dental and food plaque formation, (Tartar Cleaning)
- Deep cleaning of gum pockets, (Curettage)
- Cleaning, curettage together with medication recommended by the physician,
In advanced diseases, periodontal surgical procedures (gum surgeries) are applied to prevent and prevent gum recession and bone loss. Surgical and mechanical treatments can be performed with classical or laser applications. Laser applications have started to be used in gum diseases in recent years.