In cases where teeth and surrounding tissues have lost or completely lost their substance due to various reasons, the prepared materials used to repair or replace them are called prostheses.
In prosthesis, while trying to regain the lost functions of the patient, it is also aimed to correct the impaired speech and to improve the aesthetic appearance. In this way, while the oral health that has been lost to a great extent is corrected, individuals who have to live with missing or ruined teeth in society are also supported psychologically. Because individuals who have to live their lives in this way, first of all, forget to smile. This leads to functional disorders as well as a loss of self-confidence. It is aimed to improve the quality of life of people with various prostheses made for such patients.
The first step to have a healthy smile is to fill in the missing teeth.
Types of Prosthesis Applied;
These are prostheses that are fixed by the physician and cannot be removed by the patient. There are crowns, bridges and prostheses made on implants.
Crowns, which are among the fixed prostheses; It is a type of prosthesis in which the tooth is covered for material losses and aesthetic problems related to a single tooth. Bridge prosthesis; It is a type of prosthesis made by providing support by cutting the adjacent teeth instead of the missing tooth or teeth. As well as creating an aesthetically unpleasant appearance, missing teeth can cause the adjacent teeth to bend towards the tooth cavity and the antagonist teeth to extend downwards, causing joint discomfort.
The bridge prosthesis replaces the lost tooth in terms of aesthetics and function, and this prosthesis should be cared for as well as natural teeth. If it is not brushed, food residues will accumulate, gingivitis will occur, and the harmony of the gingival edge and the prosthesis will deteriorate. The tooth under the prosthesis with impaired edge harmony may decay, leading to pain complaints and progressive processes up to the loss of the tooth. Teeth should be brushed at least twice a day with a sweeping motion and soft circular movements from the gum to the tooth (from top to bottom in the upper jaw and from bottom to top in the lower jaw). Applying too much force, brushing with a brush with damaged bristle tips and brushing from tooth to gingiva causes gingival recession and disruption of the gingival harmony of the prosthesis.
These are prostheses that the patient can wear and remove at any time. There are total, partial, precision-connected and implant-supported removable prostheses.
Supported Removable Prostheses
It is especially performed in patients with poor denture retention in the lower jaw. With the help of implants placed in the jawbone, the retention of the prosthesis and chewing function are brought to the ideal level. It is performed in patients without retention. With the help of implants placed in the jawbone, the retention and chewing function of the prosthesis are brought to the ideal level.
Total dentures are an application that can be done if you have no teeth left in your mouth. They are prostheses that can remain in the mouth with vacuum force by taking support over the bone tissue remaining in the lower and upper jaw, made of acrylic, also known as 'palate prosthesis' among the people.